Profiling through media

Media and its outlets have a particular way of expressing their opinions on certain people. The way in which they do this is left up to them. Although, it’s done constantly in modern media the results of what stereotyping does to certain races and religion is hidden among the actual information media sources reveal. Media sources constantly put these labeled groups at the forefront of their articles and news networks. In doing so, media outlets begin to paint a picture for listeners and readers of their networks. This picture isn’t always representative of what that race or religion is a part of in their everyday life. That’s where media struggles in bringing the actual information to the audience.

Race can be a touchy subject for most. Why is this? Is it because of what we’ve seen on media outlets over and over again? The answer has still not been found due to the fact that as a society we can not move on past the point that what we see and hear isn’t always true. Media needs to do a better job of what they put out and try to censor a little bit more so people watching might have a better understanding of the situation. That situation has lead to riots in the past. An example of this is the shooting of Micheal Brown in Ferguson Missouri. Before the official report of what happened came out social media was booming. People took sides before even hearing the true account of what exactly happened that day. Speculations lead each side and neither would change  before hearing the official report. If media had done a better than putting Micheal Browns face on the front of the newspaper saying he was shot six times by a white police officer then maybe the riots wouldn’t have erupted the way they did. A simple newspaper headline could’ve changed the thoughts of millions on this displeasing event. This incident would give more fuel to the fire of stereotyping towards every African American that has been contact with the law. They are always the one to blame and their actions are always wrong in the situation.

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Religion has been covered by the US media for a long time. Particularly one religion is responsible for almost every terrorist attack in the US. That somehow means everyone in that religion is behind those attacks and supports them. The Religion of Islam follows the Quran which is what Muslims follow as the word of God. Muslim is a popular word in the US and for the wrong reasons. Ever since 9/11 and some events that happened before such as the bombing of 93  Muslims have gotten a really bad image in the eyes of the US and its citizens. Television plays a big factor in what the US thinks about foreign country’s who main religion is Islam. ISIS is shown as Muslim based group who beheads american soldiers on TV and online media outlets. This is what america sees of the Muslim religion and almost nothing else. Shown over and over again until america receives the image media outlets wants to put out in the first place. The opinion of the religions followers is left up to you as a viewer, but the images are so graphic you don’t have much room to think. Overall the impact of media on stereotype is strong because they give the evidence people use to support there own stereotypes.

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Dungeons and Dragons in Pop Culture

We all have our hobbies that we enjoy, and some of these pass times come with a large community of people that have a shared interest. The community that I am a part of is the Dungeons and Dragons community, a large community  that dates back to 1974. Since this community has been around for so long, it has been viewed by a lot of different people. This has caused a lot of different stereotypes to form around the game. Even though most of the stereotypes started in the 1980’s, many have survived into the current decade.

One of the biggest stereotypes that players of Dungeons and Dragons face is the image of being Devil Worshipers. This stereotype was brought up again in the 2014 film Dark Dungeons. Which is adapted by a graphic novel of the same name. In the film two college freshmen fall victim to a charismatic cult who use the evil RPG game to corrupt souls. This is not the only time this stereotype has come about though. In the 80’s there was a lot of crimes that people tried to say was caused by the game. I believe the reason why this stereotype came about was from an outside perspective, the images and text can appear somewhat religious , and the spell caster classes can appear like cultists. All though the D&D community is not a world wide cult that is trying to take over the world, it is still something that I have to explain to the more conservative side of family and friends.

Another big stereotype that follows D&D players, is the notion that we all participate in Larping. Defined as Live Action Role Playing, this stereotype follows both communities. Even though they are similar, and there are a lot of people that participate in both activities.They are still different forms of the RPG genre, and people who play D&D don’t normally dress up in armor and carry swords to the gaming table. It is the same with LARP as people don’t normally show up to events in normal clothes. Although this one is not as negative as the first stereotypes, it’s is annoying to have to explain to people that I don’t own a suit of armor.

Although most stereotypes are bad, there is one stereotype that shows the game of Dungeons and Dragons in a positive light. This is the assumption that everybody who plays is creative. This is one stereotype that is pretty true, as this game is played with your imagination and is something that helps benefit the perception of the game. Instead of being seeing as cultists or socially awkward nerds. Most players want to be seen as a creative person with a big imagination. So if you have any questions about a game that has brought joy to generations. Remember this, do be concerned that you are talking to a crazy cultist, or trying to speak with a nerd that lives in an basement. Remember that you are talking to somebody who is creative and will gladly show you a game that anybody can enjoy.

Stereotyping in modern society

According to the dictionary, stereotyping is to make a stereotype of something or someone, or to characterize or regard as a stereotype. This can be done so by regarding someone by age, gender, race, religion, etc. This concept or action has been done and heard of in our society for many hundreds of years and it includes the entire world. No country in the world, i would say, has never experienced stereotyping before and is not constantly in battle to fight against this unfair action. Not many people know this, but stereotyping can be positive too, as majority of the population thinks only about the negative stereotyping.

Due to this unfortunate fact, i want to start off by giving an example of a negative stereotype in our mass media. Although, before we start off with our example, i would like to state that one of the most heard of and affecting stereotypes happen in the media, mainly due to the fact that it is a big part of our society. Also because of the fact that millions and millions of information is in broadcast in all sectors of the media nowadays, influencing and affecting the society in many different ways, even if people don’t realize or recognize it.

As we have talked a lot about gender stereotyping in our class, i would like to mention this negative stereotype first. Gender stereotypes have been part of our society probably since the world was created with our early civilization creating roles for women and men, where men would work to pay the bills while women would stay at home and clean the dishes and the house. This is one of the most known stereotypes in society and is still constant in our modern world today. We can see this a lot with toy companies, where a company will only produce toys like dolls, houses, kitchen toys, etc only for girls with more female like colors. In the other hand, boy’s toys would have more male colors with a darker tone and only on toys like action figures, toy guns, toy cars. Basically these companies are influencing people to believe that girls will only like (or like more) toys that have more pink and light colors, and mainly enjoy toys like doll houses, dolls, etc. while boys will like more cars, toy guns, action figures, etc. that have darker and more “manly” colors. The popular toy company Hasbro, for example, on their website have a section for girls and for boys where you can see that they have defined that they have action figures, toy guns, etc. and you can not find these in the girls sections. Subconsciously implying what boys and girls should like.

For my next example, I would like to take some time to talk about my home country, Brazil. In my country, there is a country wide exam taken by approximately 10 million students every year, and the grade you achieve in this exam is the grade used to enter public universities, which have the best education in the country. In most,if not all, public universities there is a race quota, which basically states that 50% of the available spots for students are strictly reserved for black people and the required grade is lower for these people. This not only implies that black people need help getting into these universities by reserving the spots but also implies that black people in Brazil have less of a capacity and are less capable, mentally. This matter first came to appear in a forum or blog written in Brazil and later became a petition throughout the entire country and was voted on, through the internet by a big part of population. Back in the day, people voted yes in order to help the underprivileged in Brazil but later understood the mistake they were doing by not only subconsciously undermining the black race of Brazil but also by stereotyping that the black people of Brazil were poorer and “dumber”. A new digital (via internet) petition was put forth a few years later but was shut down, until this day, it is a problem that the population talks about a lot and is still pending any change.

When it comes to stereotyping in the media, no matter what platform or sector of the industry it is, they will always be present in people’s lives, either subconsciously or straight forward and easy to detect. In my opinion, a way to fight it or face it, is by educating the society in how to identify it and what are the impacts or influences it is trying to pass to the population. This way, people will be able to react to it how ever they feel is necessary or better for them in order to not let it impact negatively or even influence that person in a way in which they did not want them to.

Uncensored Stereotypes

Stereotyping happens all over the world. Whether you see it or not it is still there. Hiding in the cracks and crevices of channels such as the radio, magazines and even television. What we see with the naked eye is not always as it seems. Small things are put right up to our noses and we don’t even detect them. Are they molding us to accept these stereotypes without us even knowing?

wordzClick here to see how advertisement stereotypes have not changed from back then.

Television is one thing that people think of when they think of stereotypes being spread. But the thing is is that sometimes you can’t even tell when its happening. One example is the children’s movie Ratatouille. Chef Skinner is a small man with a temper. You may not see that as being a stereotype but later in the movie they tie him up and throw him in a closet. Compare that to bullies pushing around small kids in school and such and you have a stereotype fed to your child without detection. But that means nothing right? Its just a coincidence. Well lets hit somewhere a little closer to home. Have you even heard of Twilight? Of course you have. Well instead of going crazy over the heartthrobs take a closer look at one of their lives. Jacob is a native american man. Him and his group live out in the wild and become violent monsters when the white man goes on their land. Just a little stereotypical if you ask me. But if none of those example prove my case lets use this popular one. In the show two broke girls there is an asian named Han Lee that is constantly being made fun of for his height and lack of american knowledge. You have the typical black old man named Earl that loves jazz and last but not least the Ukranian that constantly sexually harasses the main characters.

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Another big channel that provides stereotypes are magazines. Covers are there to bring in the reader but are they doing it the ethical way? Makeup based magazine covers show beautiful couples saying if you use make up men won’t be able to resist you. Work out magazines showcase huge buff men lifting weights with women on their sides because it is a stereotype that fit men are the most attractive. Health magazines showing skinny girls doing doing fun things and looking happy put in your mind that skinny is beautiful. Home care magazines showing a wife with multiple kids cleaning the perfect home puts in your mind that we are back in the old times where women belonged in the kitchen. All of these messages are being spread around the world. Children and even adults base their life on how they can be good enough. What they should wear, how much they should weigh, and whether or not to cake their face in makeup. These are huge factors in how we think. Just as small as a magazine cover changing our lives.

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Stereotyping – A Human Flaw

Stereotyping has been a human flaw for years and is just a matter of perspective. The media takes this to another level because of the bias that is present in most media. Any outlet has had the perspective that another person may take offense to or not agree with. Sometimes it could be the other way around where people agree with how the media stereotypes them, but because of the closed perspective of the “male gaze,” most people have seen through the eyes of white men only. That leads to problems across the board, but in recent years, it seems that entertainment and news outlets have tried to diversify their media, and stop the stereotyping clichés that many people have become accustomed to.

Stereotypes are about everything in the entertainment industry to sex, age, professions, ethnicity, and the list can go on and on, but in the years, I have seen television I think the most obvious stereotypes are about sex and race. Those are at least the ones that come into the question if they are too offensive or not more than any of the others. Women stereotypically in entertainment are depicted as overly emotional, dependent, or less intelligent than their male counterpart in the show. Now that is the drastic stereotype that TV has tried to stray from, but it is still apparent today. Shows like the Big Bang Theory, Modern Family, The Goldbergs, and so on. Another thing that is apparent in the media is that a female lead is more likely to be blonde compared to male counterparts, which are apparent in 2 out of 3 of the shows listed above. Even with the negative stereotypes, there are few positive ones that have also been clichéd like how woman are more nurturing than men and can tend to be caring and gentle than men. It may not be a lot, but with how the industry was and is still dominated by the “male gaze” as of now you got to take what you can get. Men are usually depicted as these adventurous or clever fellows that are more like a son than a husband to their wife. They tend to be more independent and don’t let emotions get to them, which is given men more credit that they made need sometimes. Also, they are usually the person who has the higher paying job or depicted as the one who pays the bills. In gender stereotyping, it is obvious that men get more positive traits, but they too also fall under the spell of generalization.

Another big issue of stereotyping done in the entertainment industry is racial stereotyping, which is controversial, to say the least. Maybe not as clichéd as once was, but they have some ridiculous ideas about different races. In people of Asian or Indian descent usually geniuses in their respected areas of expertise. They also can be doctors or anything of high knowledge level to get in. Even little kids shows like on the Disney channel that are of this ethnicity have this trait of knowing a lot and just being smart. Another racial stereotype is African Americans, and how in shows and movies they are depicted as athletes. Any sports show you will have a lot of the kids be African Americans. That is not bad, but it is a hasty generalization. Middle Eastern people are depicted as low paying workers like taxi drivers or even in some more adult shows like Family Guy they are depicted as a terrorist. Whether used for comic relief or not it isn’t necessarily right to do. Italians are your mafia members or greasers and your Irish people or people of that descent are drunks. Those barely scrap the surface of what is on TV or movies, but those are common traits that are seen that have caused controversy in the past. I do see shows trying to stray away from those stereotypes, but those are still apparent across the TV. Another big thing is that more shows have taken an approach of having different ethnicities be the leading families instead of your standard white family that has been a norm for generations of media.

In the news business, a recent example of stereotyping has been broken for what I have recently seen. The idea of diversifying a cast or set on a news station has been a leap for the general norm of yesteryear. I noticed on ESPN that more women have been on shows, and lead their own shows that have been for many years a male-dominated industry, but I have started to see more woman in for men. Fox has also done this with more female hosts and adding more ethnicities for other shows like Undisputed and Speak for Yourself. These ideas of diversifying are breaking a norm that has been in the media for years. This also will encourage more people to get involved with these networks, which will eventually break the “male gaze”, and bring stereotyping down because all perspectives will be heard. This movement has been happening for a while, but other networks have started to show steps in the same direction, which makes a big leap forward for media in general.

The reason most of stereotyping is apparent is because the media reflects our culture, and at times stereotypes were a bigger player in society than they are now. With that said, our culture is in a transitional period between the past and the future, which is why now we see the “norms” disappearing in front of us because media is trying to reflect the culture. That culture is not run by primarily whites anymore or men, it has a diverse cast now of many ethnic groups. Stereotypes will change over time along with the media, and I think that the “male gaze” will become a neutral party. That will make just about everything neutral, which is what it should be in this culture because of how many different lives are impacted by such a thing.

 

STEREOtyping

Stereotyping in the public image has been something which has been around for many years. One gender stereotype I believe we can all understand is the sense that boys and girls do not like to play with the same toys. The stereotype that little girls wouldn’t want to play with action figures just like boys wouldn’t want to play with an easy-bake oven has impacted society. After doing some research about tv commercials and gender, I came across some information that laundry detergent companies like “Tide” have taken a different direction in gender stereotyping. They have reconstructed a new image that the male figure can be a “stay-at-home dad.”

When we look at television and how it has causes gender stereotyping, we can look at it in the sense that women normally play a ditzy, clueless character which belittles women altogether. The male role is supposedly the more dominant character, therefore causes gender stereotyping. This can cause influence on society in a few ways. One way I believe it to do so is with the younger generation. Kids are very easily influenced. Television is a “gateway drug” to societal influence in my eyes. When children get to watch tv, especially shows that praise males, and not women, it can lead misinterpretations.

Not all stereotypes are bad, when we look at television again, you will see certain television networks that veer toward a certain race. Although many may think this is wrong, I find it very tactical in the sense that certain races do like to watch shows they can understand. A couple tv networks that cater to a certain race are (BET, and Telenovelas). These tv networks target certain races to help connect. This has an influence on society by “stereotyping” certain races with shows they would connect better with.

No matter what social media outlet (tv, radio, newspaper, or magazines) stereotypes will take place in either a negative or positive way. It can be viewed as a bad thing or a good thing. Critics will be everywhere to influence people that it is bad but we must look at it positively and understand not all stereotypes are bad.

 

Stereotype or Bust

Stereotyping is a topic that’s always on my mind and everything I look at I try to point out the different stereotypes that can be within the media.

To Start out I just want to include a music video that talks about stereotypes and it’s by an artist who climbed the charts and made his way through the music industry by using the social media and reaching a wider crowd. This music video describes the stereotypes that are going through the media from the entertainment of the music industry and what most people stereotype artists and rappers as and how he plans on breaking those stereotypes.

Now as there are many other stereotypes through the media, whether they are good or bad. Stereotypes will never be broken as many would like, since our society is transforming into a more diverse community. Where people are gonna continue being judged for being different and being set to a certain status quo.

I’ve been set in many different worlds and been a part of different societal groups, being judged for what I do and being assumed that because I’m apart of the group that I must be set to a certain standard. Whether it be because I love to rap, I get laughed at because when people think of a rapper the first things that come to mind is that they have to be black or they have to be a druggy. Another part is the fact that I’m a male cheerleader people just assume that I must not be straight. These stereotypes have came to be because the media that people see has them brainwashed and they believe whatever they see and read. The media becomes this thing that targets certain people and picks out what they want to hear. The media will always have an effect on these people no matter how much it evolves.

Inhumane or Exaggerated?

People all around the world have different interests and criminal activity seems to be one of the top ones that we all shared. Movies, books, radio segments, and even just magazine or news articles about crime snatch our attention. With this being said it is no wonder why criminals are becoming rich off of the story put out describing their wrongdoing and that is where this story starts.

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David Berkowitz injured a total of seven people and killed six people in 1977. Not soon after Berkowitz was arrested people started to throw around rumors saying that his whole life story was going to be presented. This rumor made a lot of people mad because they did not want this monster to get rich off of the murder of their loved ones. The members of the New York legislature apparently felt the exact same way because they set up a law that would make it so that the criminal did not get large sums of money for cruely killing people and sharing the gruesome story with the world. With this law the money would help the victims in their time of need instead of rewarding the criminal.

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To learn more click here to watch a documentary on David Berkowitz.

The first thing that has changed with time is the fact that different channels would be used if this was in recent times. Instead of using things such as tape recorders or phonographs television and internet would be more heavily utilized. Also now it is seen as against public policy to holds ones money. There may be a limit to the amount they can receive but you can not hold all of their money away from the criminal.

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Mozert v. Hawkins County Board of Education, 827 F.2d 1058 (6th Cir. 1987)

Growing up in San Diego, Ca, I was brought up in a private catholic school education.  It had occurred to me that certain textbooks were chosen for our specific religion. This case that I have chosen relates back to me in the sense that we were accommodated books that would fit our religion. This is not the situation for public school education which can cause an uproar in society if not looked at.

According to ncac.org, it is plain and simple that accommodations to religion are something the government can not respectively make due to the freedom of speech. Although it is the goal to respect everyone and their religion, I personally do not think that it is capable possible to do so with a public education. No matter the circumstances, there is always going to be different people of all sorts of religion in every school. We are a country of diversity that have adapted to religions over the years. The fact that textbooks regarding religions have impacted this society is sad. I truly believe that this specific case will occur for years to come but will not have a different outcome. We must look past the text and realize what is truly important such as our religion. Nobody but ourselves can see that nothing can get in the way of our religion.

Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District

In the case of Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District the Supreme Court overturned previous lower court rulings that upheld the school districts refusal to allow the church use of its rooms after hours on the basis of the viewpoint of the subject matter being religiously oriented. Schools have permission to grant access to their grounds after-hours for different uses, but not for religious purposes. Some of these uses were “social, civic, and recreational use.” The church requested the use of a classroom for a film series about child-rearing and family values from a religious viewpoint. The request was denied twice because the viewpoint was church oriented. After two lower courts upheld the schools decision to deny access the Supreme Court overturned the rulings on the basis of freedom of speech and freedom of religion. The opinions of the supreme court justices are summed up in this, that the school district did not have the ability to refuse the use of its’ rooms for the topic or childrearing and family values because the viewpoint was religiously based.

Previously similar cases have had what has been called the “lemon test” which came to be after the case Lemon v. Kurtzman (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_v._Kurtzman). This rule has been used and forgotten many times, as justice Scalia stated in the current case of Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District,  “It is there to scare us (and our audience) when we wish it to do so, but we can command it to return to the tomb at will.” (https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/508/384) justice Scalia also stated “Such a docile and useful monster is worth keeping around, at least in a somnolent state; one never knows when one might need him.”

I believe this case and those like it are still relevant today when talking about almost anything. People dislike talking about subjects from certain viewpoints, but when discrimination happens because of where a certain persons, or groups, viewpoint comes from that goes against our rights to free speech. No matter the viewpoint someone is going to get upset, we believe that a different view has to be wrong, instead of gathering multiple views and incorporating the ideas into our own.